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  • 实验室设计考虑需要注意什么?
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2020-10-15
    安全是每一个实验( experiment)室建设企业考虑( consider)的:对于危险性的如石油、有机、压)以及防爆实验( experiment)室的门应向外开。只要允许,门上可设一玻璃观察窗,以便值班人员进行安全观察。易燃、易爆、强氧(Oxygen)化 ( oxidation)物和还原剂类药品应保存在通风、阴凉、干燥、远离热:(火)源的地方;化学试剂分类存放;有毒有害物品则专柜存放。对实验中发生有毒有害气体的操作,则必须在通风橱内进行,为此设应考虑( consider)通风橱的位置( position )。使用各种高压储气瓶时,应使用铁环等固定器材将其稳固在支架或墙壁上,防止因触碰而翻到。
    Safety and environmental protection is the first consideration of each experiment room construction company: for dangerous such as oil, organic, pressure and explosion-proof laboratory, the door should be opened outwards. As long as allowed, a glass observation window can be set on the door to facilitate the safety observation of the personnel on duty. Inflammable, explosive, oxygenized and reducing agent drugs should be kept in a ventilated, cool, dry place away from heat source; chemical reagents should be stored by classification; toxic and harmful substances should be stored in the special counter. The operation of poisonous and harmful gas in the experiment must be carried out in the fume hood. Therefore, the position of the fume hood should be considered in the design. When using a variety of high-pressure gas cylinders, iron rings and other fixed equipment should be used to stabilize them on the bracket or wall to prevent them from turning over due to touching.
    一般实验室设计考虑:
    General laboratory design considerations:
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    1、样品的转运和人员流动:分配实验( experiment)室区域,首先应考虑( consider)工作流程、样品的转运和流转、生物安全因素(factor)等。实验室进行试验的场所。实验室是科学的摇篮,是科学研究的基地,科技发展的源泉,对科技发展起着非常重要的作用。生物安全防护实验室根据所处理的微生物及其毒素的危害程度各分为四级。各级实验室的生物安全防护要求依次为:一级,四级。实验室按归属可分为三类:类是从属于大学或者是由大学代管的实验室;第二类实验室属于国家机构,有的甚至是机构;第三类实验室直接归属于I业企业部门,为工业技术的开发与研究服务。
    1. Sample transfer and personnel flow: when allocating the experiment room area, the consideration of work flow, sample transfer and transfer, and biosafety factors should be considered first. A place where tests are carried out in a laboratory. Laboratory is the cradle of science, the base of scientific research, the source of scientific and technological development, and plays a very important role in the development of science and technology. The biosafety protection laboratory is divided into four levels according to the harm degree of the microorganisms and their toxins. The requirements for biosafety protection of laboratories at all levels are as follows: the first level is the lowest, and the fourth level is the highest. Laboratories can be divided into three categories according to their ownership: the first category is subordinate to or managed by universities; the second category belongs to national institutions, some even international institutions; and the third category is directly attributed to the I industry enterprise sector, serving the development and research of industrial technology.
    2、灵活性:实验( experiment)室设计能否适应未来发展变化的需要是极其重要的。
    2. Flexibility: whether the design of experiment room can adapt to the needs of future development and change is extremely important.
    3、安全性(security) :实验( experiment)室的设计和大小应考虑( consider)安全性(security) ,满足紧急清除和疏散出口的建筑规则,针对各实验室情况配备安全设备。实验室进行试验的场所。实验室是科学的摇篮,是科学研究的基地,科技发展的源泉,对科技发展起着非常重要的作用。每类生物安全防护实验室根据所处理的微生物及其期素的危害程度各分为四级。各级实验室的生物安全防护要求依次为: 一级,四级。距危险化学试剂30米内,应设有紧急洗眼处和淋浴室。所有的实验室和与污染物直接接触的地方均应安装洗手池,将洗手池设在出口处。洗手池应是独立专用的,不能与污染物处理及实验混用。
    3. Security: the design and size of the experiment room should consider the security, meet the building rules of emergency clearance and evacuation exit, and provide safety equipment for each laboratory. A place where tests are carried out in a laboratory. Laboratory is the cradle of science, the base of scientific research, the source of scientific and technological development, and plays a very important role in the development of science and technology. Each type of biosafety protection laboratory is divided into four levels according to the harm degree of the microorganism and its phytohormone. The requirements for biosafety protection of laboratories at all levels are as follows: the first level is the lowest, and the fourth level is the highest. There should be an emergency eye wash and shower room within 30 meters of dangerous chemicals. Hand washing basins should be installed in all laboratories and places in direct contact with pollutants, and the hand washing basins should be set at the exit. The hand washing basin should be independent and special, and should not be mixed with pollutant treatment and experiment.
    4、设立烟雾罩和安全设施:任何安全罩的放置均应尽量远离出口处,以符合有实验( experiment)远离主通道的原则。
    4. Set up smoke hood and safety facilities: any safety cover should be placed far away from the exit as far as possible, so as to comply with the principle of experiment away from the main channel.
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