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  • 无菌实验室你知道该怎么样装修吗?
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2018-12-21
    依据试验任务需求,试验室装修中包含宝贵的精密仪器和各种化学药品,其中包含易燃及腐蚀性药品。另外,在操作中常发生有害的气体或蒸气。因此,对化验室的房屋结构、环境、室内设施等有其特别的要求,在筹建新化验室或改建原有化验室时都应考虑。
    According to the requirements of the test task, the laboratory decoration includes precious precision instruments and various chemicals, including flammable and corrosive drugs. In addition, harmful gases or vapors often occur in operation. Therefore, there are special requirements for the structure, environment and indoor facilities of laboratories, which should be considered in the preparation of new laboratories or in the reconstruction of existing laboratories.
    化验室用房大致分为三类:精密仪器试验室、化学剖析试验室、辅佐室(办公室、储藏室、钢瓶室等)。
    Laboratory rooms are roughly divided into three categories: precision instrument laboratory, chemical analysis laboratory, auxiliary room (office, storage room, cylinder room, etc.).
    化验室要求远离尘埃、烟雾、噪音和轰动源的环境中,因此化验室不该建在交通要道、锅炉房、机房及出产车间近旁(车间化验室在外)。为保持良好的气象条件,一般应为南北方向。
    Laboratories should be kept away from the environment of dust, smoke, noise and sensation sources. Therefore, laboratories should not be built near the main road, boiler room, machine room and production workshop (outside the workshop laboratory). In order to maintain good weather conditions, the general direction should be north-south.
    1、精密仪器试验室规划
    1. Planning of Precision Instrument Laboratory
    精密仪器室要求具有防火、防震、防电磁搅扰、防噪音、防潮、防腐蚀、防尘、防有害气体侵入的功用,室温尽可能保持恒定。为保持一般仪器良好的运用性能,温度应在15~30℃,有条件的好控制在18-25℃。湿度在60%-70%,a需求恒温的仪器室可装双层门窗及空调装置。
    Precision instrument room is required to have the functions of fire prevention, shock prevention, electromagnetic disturbance prevention, noise prevention, moisture proof, corrosion prevention, dust prevention and harmful gas invasion prevention. Room temperature should be kept as constant as possible. In order to maintain the good performance of general instruments, the temperature should be 15 - 30 C, and the best control is 18 - 25 C if conditions permit. The humidity is between 60% and 70%. A instrument room with constant temperature can be equipped with double doors and windows and air conditioning devices.
    仪器室可用水磨石地或防静电地板,不推荐运用地毯,因地毯易积累尘埃,还会发生静电。博思博大型精密仪器室的供电电压应稳定,一般答应电压波动规模为±10%。必要时要配备附属设备(如稳压电源等)。为保证供电不间断,可采用双电源供电。应规划有专用地线,a接地极电阻小于4Ω。
    Instrument room can use terrazzo floor or anti-static floor, carpet is not recommended, because carpet is easy to accumulate dust, static electricity will also occur. The supply voltage of Bosch Large Precision Instrument Room should be stable, and the fluctuation of voltage is generally allowed to be (+10%). If necessary, it should be equipped with ancillary equipment (such as regulated power supply, etc.). In order to ensure uninterrupted power supply, dual power supply can be used. Special ground wires should be planned with a grounding electrode resistance less than 4_.
    气相色谱室及原子吸取剖析室因要用到高压钢瓶,好设在就近室外能建钢瓶室(方向朝北)的位置。放仪器用的试验台与墙距离500mm,以便于操作与修理。室内要有良好的通风。原子吸取仪器上方设局部排气罩。
    Gas chromatographic chamber and atomic absorption analysis chamber should be located near the outdoor location where the cylinder chamber can be built (in the North direction) because of the use of high-pressure cylinders. The distance between the test bench and the wall is 500 mm for easy operation and repair. Good ventilation should be provided in the room. A local exhaust hood is arranged above the atomic absorption instrument.
    微型计算机和微机控制的精密仪器对供电电压和频率有一定要求。为避免电压瞬变、瞬时停电、电压不足等影响仪器作业,可依据需求选用不间断电源(UPS)。
    Microcomputers and precision instruments controlled by microcomputers have certain requirements for supply voltage and frequency. Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can be selected according to demand in order to avoid voltage transient, instantaneous power outage and insufficient voltage affecting instrument operation.
    在规划专用的仪器剖析室的同时,就近配套规划相应的化学处理室。这在保护仪器和加强管理上是十分必要的。
    At the same time of planning the special instrument analysis room, the corresponding chemical treatment room should be planned in close proximity. It is necessary to protect instruments and strengthen management.
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