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  • 水质检测中心实验室的建设计划!
    来源: 浏览: 发布日期:2019-10-16
      实验室可分为:原子吸取室,原子荧光室,离子色谱室,离子色谱室,液相色谱室,高温实验室,微生物学检测室,放射室,更衣室,中央实验室,综合实验室,医药药学, 等等
      The laboratory can be divided into: atomic absorption room, atomic fluorescence room, ion chromatography room, ion chromatography room, liquid chromatography room, high temperature laboratory, microbiology testing room, radiation room, dressing room, central laboratory, comprehensive laboratory, pharmaceutical, etc.
      原子吸取室:原子吸取仪应放置在单独的实验室中(不要与其他仪器混合使用); 仪器上方有一个良好的排气装置,原子吸取仪器室不应放置有机试剂,实验室应独立。 气瓶室具有相应的防爆设施,220V稳定电源(220V±10%,无波动),避免使用同相电源和大型电气设备,仪表室附近无源,强仪表室附近无磁场 ,机房空调,温度控制,除湿时,应防止机房内有异物(如防鼠)。
      Atomic absorption chamber: the atomic absorption instrument shall be placed in a separate laboratory (do not mix with other instruments); there is a good exhaust device above the instrument, the atomic absorption instrument chamber shall not be placed with organic reagents, and the laboratory shall be independent. The gas cylinder room shall be equipped with corresponding explosion-proof facilities, 220V stable power supply (220V ± 10%, no fluctuation), avoiding the use of in-phase power supply and large electrical equipment, passive near the instrument room, no magnetic field near the strong instrument room, air conditioning in the machine room, temperature control, dehumidification, and preventing the room from having something different (such as rat proof).
      原子荧光室:原子荧光仪器安装室的面积应至少为12平方米。 阳光不能直接指向仪器。 除热水器和空调外,不得有热源。 好油漆并防止墙壁和天花板。 通常,肩部灰尘是由油漆,非腐蚀性气体和良好的通风引起的。 仪器房周围不得有大型电气设备和强烈震动。 环境温度应为(15-30)°C,相对稳定,相对湿度不超过75%。
      Atomic fluorescence chamber: the area of the atomic fluorescence instrument installation chamber shall be at least 12 square meters. Sunlight cannot point directly at the instrument. No heat source except water heater and air conditioner. It is best to paint and prevent walls and ceilings. Usually, shoulder dust is caused by paint, non-corrosive gases and good ventilation. There shall be no large electrical equipment and strong vibration around the instrument room. The ambient temperature shall be (15-30) ° C, relatively stable, and the relative humidity shall not exceed 75%.
      离子色谱室:
      Ion chromatography room:
      1分析室周围不应有强磁场,易燃或腐蚀性气体。
      There shall be no strong magnetic field, flammable or corrosive gas around the analyzer room.
      2室内环境温度应在5到35度之间,湿度应小于或等于85%(相对湿度),并且空气应保持在室内。 如果条件允许,好安装空调。
      2 the indoor ambient temperature shall be between 5 and 35 degrees, the humidity shall be less than or equal to 85% (relative humidity), and the air shall be kept indoors. If conditions permit, it is best to install air conditioning.
      3准备使用一整套宽度适中且易于操作的仪器。 一般工厂好使用水泥平台(高0.6?0.8 m)。 平台不能靠近墙壁,距离墙壁0.5?1.0 m,便于接线和维护。
      Prepare to use a set of instruments with moderate width and easy operation. Generally, cement platform (0.6-0.8m high) is the best choice for factories. The platform shall not be close to the wall, 0.5-1.0m away from the wall, which is convenient for wiring and maintenance.
      4,液相色谱室:主要体现在高效分离,复杂有机化合物的分离,纯净化合物的获得,定量分析和定性分析上。 主要设备有:高效液相色谱仪,适用于高沸点化合物,挥发性化合物,热不稳定化合物,离子化合物,聚合物等,以弥补气相色谱法的缺点。 环境和实验室基本设备设计要求与GC气室相似
      4. Liquid chromatography: mainly reflected in high-efficiency separation, separation of complex organic compounds, acquisition of pure compounds, quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. Main equipment: high performance liquid chromatograph, suitable for high boiling point compounds, volatile compounds, thermally unstable compounds, ionic compounds, polymers, etc., to make up for the shortcomings of gas chromatography. The design requirements of environment and laboratory basic equipment are similar to those of GC gas chamber.
      5.高温实验室:高温和低温实验室可用于评估和确定电气或材料,电子产品或材料在温度循环以及高温或低温环境中存储和使用的适用性。 广泛用于航空航天产品,信息电子仪器仪表,材料,电气,电子等行业。
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      5. High temperature laboratory: high and low temperature laboratories can be used to evaluate and determine the applicability of electrical or materials, electronic products or materials in temperature cycle and storage and use in high or low temperature environment. Widely used in aerospace products, information electronic instruments, materials, electrical, electronic and other industries.
      6.微生物检验室:微生物检验室应设置为独立区域,与其他实验室,出入控制区分开,严禁非相关人员进入。 每个房间都按照合理的布局方便地布置,并且不会相互影响。 入口设置更加集中,可以根据培养条件和类型设置培养室(例如霉菌培养室,细菌培养室,固体培养室,液体培养室等)。
      6. Microbiological laboratory: the microbiological laboratory shall be set as an independent area, separate from other laboratories and access control areas, and non relevant personnel are strictly prohibited to enter. Each room is conveniently arranged according to a reasonable layout and will not affect each other. The entrance is more centralized, and the culture room can be set according to the culture conditions and types (such as mold culture room, bacteria culture room, solid culture room, liquid culture room, etc.).
      7.清洁实验室:设置在实验室角落的独立区域内,使用密封门限制人员出入,将人员干预所需的房间设置在干净的地方,并设置房间 在辅助设备之外。 考虑微生物实验操作过程,以促进人员流动和物流。 为了控制人员的进出(流程),只有一扇密封门进入微生物实验室的主要清洁区域。 操作员进入走廊进入准备室,并通过更多,两个和缓冲区从准备室缓冲到操作区域。 物流是通过转移窗口实现的。 出风口配有高效过滤器,供气口配有高效过滤器静压箱。 曹勇将室内供气和排风送至下排,室内排风侧无障碍。 剩余压力阀自动调节室内压力以维持正压。
      7. Clean the laboratory: it is set in an independent area at the corner of the laboratory, with sealed doors to restrict the access of personnel, set the room required for personnel intervention in a clean place, and set the room outside the auxiliary equipment. Consider the operation process of microbiological experiment to promote personnel flow and logistics. In order to control personnel access (process), only one sealed door enters the main cleaning area of the microbiology laboratory. The operator enters the corridor into the preparation room and buffers from the preparation room to the operation area through more, two and buffer zones. Logistics is realized through transfer window. The air outlet is equipped with high efficiency filter, and the air supply port is equipped with high efficiency filter static pressure box. Cao Yong will supply air and exhaust air to the lower exhaust. There is no obstacle at the exhaust side. The residual pressure valve automatically regulates the pressure in the chamber to maintain a positive pressure.
      8放射室:设定位置和平面布局,应设在底层,自给自足的区域,应邻近急诊室,住院科,有方便的联系。 在可能的情况下,建议在患者通道和医务人员通道之间使用单独的布置。
      Radiation room 8: set the location and plane layout, which should be set at the bottom, self-sufficient area, adjacent to the emergency room and inpatient department, with convenient connection. Where possible, a separate arrangement between patient access and caregiver access is recommended.
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